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Laser vision correction

What is laser vision correction?

The laser vision correction is fast, safe and virtually painless procedure.

It is natural to be afraid of a medical procedure, which involves your eyes. With the laser vision correction, however, you should not be, as this is one of the most harmless and safest procedures in the world – improved over the generations.

  • The laser corrects the optical power in seconds
  • No blades are used, so practically there is no pain
  • We use the latest laser technologies in the world
  • The laser procedure is one of the most accurate medical procedures in the world
  • The safety of the laser eye correction has been tested from end to end for many years
  • The laser surgeries hold a record for safety and success rate

Femto-LASIK

Laser vision correction on highest standard

Not all laser procedures are the same. The different clinics use different technologies and protocols when performing the components of the laser eye correction.

There is a laser procedure trusted by those people, who want even more crystal and more accurate vision – Femto-LASIK. The procedure combines the advantages of several high-tech laser devices, to provide precision, safety and results, unsurpassed in all aspects.

Life without glasses and contacts

You will feel a great change in your vision from the first day after the laser correction, and with every other day you will see more and more clearly. Within a month after the procedure you need to put drops in your eyes, and must not use public swimming pools and practice contact combat sports. We are always at your service for follow-up exams, as the medical exam on the first day after the procedure is mandatory, and around the 30th day it is recommended to have another one.

Equipment

Femtosecond laser Alcon LenSx

Femtosecond laser Alcon LenSx

Alcon LenSx Laser System is used for precise preliminary laser preparation of the eyes, for the actual correction of nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. This laser is called femtosecond laser.

The pulse waves, produced by the femtosecond laser have duration in the range of femtoseconds (10-15second), making the femtosecond laser 106 times more sparing than other lasers used in ophthalmology (i.e. Nd:YAG laser). Thus it is safe for application in the eye surgery

Laser system Carl-Zeiss MEL 80

Laser system Carl-Zeiss MEL 80

Carl-Zeiss – MEL 80 Laser System is one of the latest and most precise systems for laser correction of the vision. It is an excimer laser, and is used for the actual correction of the eye.

As far as the safety is concerned, MEL 80 Laser System has improved eye-tracker system, faster than any eye movement.

Carl-Zeiss CRS-Master

Carl-Zeiss CRS-Master

Carl-Zeiss CRS-Master combines the data obtained from the two high-tech diagnostic devices – topographer ATLAS 9000 and aberrometer WASCA Analyser. With ATLAS 9000, the cornea is visualized as a map, similar to the geographic maps with mountains, valleys and seas, which determine its relief as optical power. WASCA Analyser captures very precisely the impression of the refractive power of the eye in each of its segments. It is highly individual for each person (like the fingerprint) and gives the most precise information about the optical power of the eye.

Who is suitable for laser vision correction?

Mandatory tests:
  • Vision acuity test (with dilated and constricted pupils)
  • Biomicroscopy (examination of the anterior segment of the eye under microscope)
  • Autorefractokeratometry (measuring the optical power of the eye)
  • Corneal topography (color mapping of the cornea)
  • Wavefront analysis (digital representation of higher-order aberrations)
  • Pachymetry (measurement of thickness of the cornea)
  • Ophthalmoscopy (eye fundus test)

The laser procedure may be performed only after thorough examination (about 2 hours), during which the parameters of your eye are precisely measured. We will perform the mandatory test with cutting-edge diagnostic equipment.

Based on the performed measurements and analyses, your physician will inform you whether you are suitable for laser eye correction, and then prepare your individual treatment plan (we will use the date of all your tests, which is uploaded in the laser system).

You can schedule an appointment at the reception desk: +359 877 881 115. A week before your appointed time you should stop wearing contact lenses. Please come with a driver/ taxi or use the public transport, because at the end of your examination, your pupils will be dilated and you will not be able to drive.

Nearsightedness

Farsightedness

Astigmatism

The short-sighted people have problems seeing at far distance, which requires the use of glasses or contact lenses. The nearsighted eye is usually longer (in its anterior-posterior axis) than the normal eye, or its cornea has bigger refractive power. Thus, when the light passes through its optical system it focuses in front of the retina, making the distant objects unclear. The laser correction of nearsightedness offers minimally invasive approach, which reduces the refractory power of the eye and provides normal vision at far distance.

Examination, laser procedure and sparing regimen are the three steps towards your life free of glasses and contact lenses.

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The farsighted people often suffer from headache and usually start having problems with reading at a close distance before they turn 40 years of age. At a later age they need two pair of glasses (or combination with contract lenses) – one for close and one for far distance. The farsighted eye is usually shorter than the normal eye, or its cornea has weaker refractive power. Thus the light focuses behind the retina, making the image unclear. Due to the ability of the human lens (in young people) to increase its refractive power (eye straining process – accommodation), precise focus and clear image on the retina is possible. The closer the observed object is, the more straining is the accommodation, and the optical apparatus of the farsighted eye always uses the accommodation process to achieve clear vision. This causes exhaustion of the eye muscles, straining of the eye and headache. The laser correction, the glasses and the contact lenses are tools for correction of farsightedness.

Examination, laser procedure and sparing regimen are the three steps towards your life free of glasses and contact lenses.

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The astigmatism, similar to the farsightedness and nearsightedness, is a refractive error, due to imperfection of the optical apparatus of the eye. It is caused by irregular corneal shape, which prevents the light focus to be projected as a clear point, but instead as an elliptic spot. The astigmatism could be either congenital or acquired, after certain eye conditions and diseases. The people with astigmatism usually have difficulties seeing at all distances. The methods used for its treatment include laser correction, wearing glasses or contact lenses.

Examination, laser procedure and sparing regimen are the three steps towards your life free of glasses and contact lenses.

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Alternative methods of treatment – artificial lenses

Lenses

The laser correction is suitable for the most people, who wish to avoid the limitations of the glasses and the contact lenses. In some rare cases, the patients may not be suitable for laser procedure, and therefore it cannot be performed.

Patients at younger age (up to 40 years) are recommended phakic intraocular lenses, which are inserted in front of the human lens behind the iris (the structure responsible for the eye color). They can correct all refractive abnormalities – nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism.

Patients at middle age (over 40 years) prefer implantation of multifocal intraocular lenses.

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Laser vision correction
Laser vision correction Femto-LASIK

Description of Femto-LASIK procedure

Your surgery day

1

On the day of your surgery you should have light breakfast and up to one coffee. Please, do not use makeup and perfume after your morning toilette.

2

Please, come to our Clinic at the time of your appointment, where our team will put you up in a cozy room.

3

Before the laser procedure you will meet the medical team, who once again will explain to you Femto-LASIK. It is performed in two stages:

  • Preparation with femtosecond laser (Alcon LenSx Laser System)
  • Actual correction with excimer laser (Carl-Zeiss MEL 80 Laser System)
4

You will enter the surgery room and lay on a comfortable bed. You will feel the administration of the anesthetic eye-drops and the cleansing of the area around your eyes with special antiseptic solution. Your eyes will be insensible during the procedure, so you should not feel discomfort at any point.

5

The doctor will carefully place a special device, which will keep your eyes open during the procedure, so you don’t have to worry about blinking.

6

You will be asked to look at a green light in the laser device above your head. For a while your vision will get blurred. When the green light becomes clear again, you will be asked to look towards it. It may be a little blurred, but you will easily see it.

7

You will hear the humming of the laser devices, which indicates the operation of the laser impulses (for about 10-20 seconds depending on your condition). Then the procedure is repeated for the other eye.

8

The procedure itself takes seconds, but your overall stay in the surgery room will be 20-30 minutes for both eyes – including the preparation time before the laser correction.

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